Kazakhstan’s active balance strategy

Kassym-Jomart Tokaïev et Vladimir Poutine en février 2024

Central Asia States multivector policies have become a well-known foreign policy object, ever since all five States became independent in 1991. Since 2013 and China’s Belt and Road Initiative launched, competition between outer States increased in the region. Corridors and transport and connectivity networks are at the heart of the emerging strategic rivalries.

Inside the complexity of this race to connectivity, geopolitical stakes whether structural or cyclical have merged into the subject of infrastructures. Though this connectivity between networks aims firstly to enhance trade relations, the war in Ukraine and Western sanctions against Russia have been changing the game – avoiding sanctions being a serious worrying subject for Western partners.

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